Bas-relief in calcareous stone with the engraved name of the pharaoh Ramses II
Kingdom of Ramses II, XIX dynasty, 1279-1213 b.c.

Due to the undisputed fame and notoriety of the Pharaoh Ramses II, similar examples can be admired in the most important museums of the world with collections devoted to ancient Egypt. In the left side of the stele, two cartouches point out the name of the Pharaoh Ramses II. On the right is engraved a kneeling figure, with arms raised as a token of offering, a tribute to the Pharaoh. The images are surrounded by the columns of a text in hieroglyphs honoring the Pharaoh. Ramses II, 1303-1213 B.C. (in ancient Egyptian USERMAATRA SETEPENRA RAMSES MERIAMON), known also as Ramses the Great, was the third King of the XIX Dynasty, and reigned from 1279 to 1213 B.C.. Ramses II was considered to be the greatest, the most famous and powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire, so his successors and later the Egyptian people referred to Him by calling Him “The Great Ancestor”. Ramesses II ascended the throne as the third king of the Nineteenth Dynasty at the age of twenty-five. In his sixty-seven year reign he probably built more temples than any other Egyptian king. The New Kingdom followed the Second Intermediate Period and was succeeded by the Third Intermediate Period. It was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. The later part of this period, under the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties (1292–1069 BC) is also known as the Ramesside period, after the eleven pharaohs that took the name of Ramesses. Ramses II fought against the Hittites and ensured the supremacy of Egypt over Nubia and the deposits of gold in the country. He erected, in this colony of the Egyptian Empire, six temples, the most famous of which are the ABU SIMBEL TEMPLES. According to the events narrated in Exodus, Ramses II is considered the Pharaoh who was in conflict with Moses. Nevertheless, there has never been any archaeological evidence to support this story, nor his name has ever been mentioned in the Torah. The archaeological record left by Ramses II and his contribution to the collective memory, makes Him the most famous Pharaoh in the world.

44 x 78 cm



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