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YURI NAUMOVICH LIPSKY MAP OF THE MOON

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First specimen of a complete moon map, with maps based on the first pictures of the far side of the moon. it belonged to the pioneer of moon cartography, soviet astrophysicist Yuri Naumovich Lipsky (1909-1978)

Made in Moscow in 1967, with cardboard, paper and Bakelite. Equipped with a plastic support. It is on a scale of 1 to 10.000.000, and carries inscriptions in Cyrillic. It is formed by 12 distinct segments in paper and 2 polar caps. In good condition but twith some marks due to use. The globe is the first specimen of a moon map to represent the entire lunar surface. The hidden moon side was actually unknown (since it was not visible from the earth) until two Soviet missions (Moon 3, 1959 and Zond 3, 1964), sent the first picture to Earth. What really makes this moon map unique, are the notes of the Russian astrophysicist Yuri Naumovich Lipsky, who, aside from being the scientific director of the mission Moon 3, elaborated the pictures by which the cartography of this innovative moon map was created. On the globe map are distinctively visible the Russian and American moon-landings:

Moon 2 (14.09.1954)
Moon 5 (12.05.1965)
Moon 7 (08.10.1965)
Moon 8 (07.12.1965)
Moon 9 (03.02.1966)
Moon 13 (24.12.1966)
Moon 15 (21.07.1969)
Moon 16 (20.09.1970)
Moon 17 (17.11.1970)
Moon 18 (11.09.1971)
Moon 20 (21.02.1972)
Moon 21 (16.01.1973)
Apollo XV (30.07.1971)

Yuri Naumovich Lipsky was a Soviet astrophysicist skilled in moon studies and selenography. During the 50s and 60s of the XX century, he interpreted the first pictures of the hidden side of the moon which were sent to earth by the moon probe Moon 3. Lipsky was the scientific director of the mission Moon 3, the target of which was to begin the mapping of the moon’s surface, with particular reference to the moon face until then unknown. Moon 3 was the third successfully launched moon probe of the Moon Program, and was also one of the first triumphs of human exploration of the cosmos. The probe focused on a hemisphere completely different from the known one, formed mainly by valleys and mountains, with only two dark areas, which were called Muscovite Sea and Sea of Wishes. At the time photographing and mapping the moon was a daring and complex mission. First of all, it was necessary that the side of the moon to be photographed was lightened by the sun. Once that task was completed the probe had to head back towards the Earth so that it could be near enough to transfer the photos previously taken. The 29 pictures were developed, dried and scanned in an automatic system on board the probe which involved using a television with cathode rays. By this method the Earth station received 17 images that could be used. It is hard to remember that at this time digital photography and fax machines had yet to be invented. One can easily understand that despite the extreme complexity of the mission it was of essential importance (ike Yuri Lipsky’s work ), for the planning of moon landings and the explorations which occurred during the following years. After having shown the pictures to the Astronomic Institute of Sternberg27, Yuri Lipsky became one of the leading scientists of the project, and developed new methods to elaborate the confused and out of focus images that had arrived from the space probe. Lipsky was able to extract important information from these images which later formed a basis for the cartography of the entire moon.

H 51cm

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